Sleep problems, whether in the form of medical disorders or related to work schedules and a 24/7 lifestyle, are pervasive. In America, 70% of adults report that they obtain insufficient sleep at least one night a month, and 11% report insufficient sleep every night. Sleep-related problems are estimated to affect 50-70 million Americans of all ages.
ASAA (American Sleep Apnea Association)

Sleep Apnea:

There are two types of sleep apnea: Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Central Sleep Apnea. Medical professionals recognize sleep apnea, if left untreated, as a potentially life-threatening condition. Untreated sleep apnea can cause high blood pressure, stroke, heart attack and/or abnormal heart rhythms. A person with sleep apnea, breathing stops fully or partially for 10 seconds to more than a minute at a time, and these attacks can occur from five to more than one hundred times an hour during sleep. Although it is most common in overweight men, both genders can be affected.

Common symptoms of sleep apnea:
• Loud, Irregular Snoring
• Choking or Gasping While You Sleep
• Daytime Sleepiness
• Morning Headaches
• Weight Gain
• Frequent Nocturnal Urination
• Obesity
• High Blood Pressure
• Falling Asleep While Driving
• Trouble Concentrating
• Loss of Energy
• Anxiety or Depression
• BPH/ Nocturia

Who is at risk for OSA?
You are at an increased risk if you are:
• Overweight
• Hypertensive
• Male with neck size of 17 inches or more
• Female with a neck size of 16 inches or more
• Male over the age of 40
• Female over the age of 50

Excessive Sleepiness:

Any condition that keeps you from getting good quality sleep at night can cause excessive sleepiness during the day. Daytime sleepiness may be the only symptom you know. Other signs, such as snoring or kicking, may be occurring while you’re asleep.
For many people with sleep disorders, it’s a bed partner who observes other key symptoms. Regardless of the cause, it’s important to have your sleep condition evaluated if daytime sleepiness is keeping you from making the most of your day.
Getting enough sleep is crucial to good health. Let us identify the cause of your excessive sleepiness and provide treatment, you should find yourself feeling more energetic and with a better ability to concentrate during the day. Do not live with feeling tired every day when you might have a condition that is easily and safely treated.

Narcolepsy:

Narcolepsy is a sleep disorder defined by constant sleepiness and a tendence to sleep at inappropriate times. Typically, a person with narcolepsy suffers sleep attacks as well as continual sleepiness and a feeling of tiredness that is not completely relieved by any amount of sleep. If not recognized and appropriately managed, narcolepsy can drastically and negatively affect the quality of a person’s life.
Recent advances in medicine, technology, and pharmacology (the study of the effects of drugs) are helping healthcare professionals to diagnose and treat this condition. Although a cure for narcolepsy has not yet been found. Most people with this disorder can lead nearly normal lives under the proper treatment.

Insomnia:

Insomnia, trouble falling asleep or staying asleep, afflicts people of all ages, most often just for a night or two, but sometimes for weeks, months, or even years. Insomnia disturbs your waking hours as well as your sleeping hours, since you are likely to feel sleepy during the day and have trouble focusing on tasks after a poor night’s sleep.
• Transient Insomnia is the inability to sleep well over a period of a few nights.
• Short-Term Insomnia is a period of ongoing stress at work or at home that can result in two-three weeks of poor sleep.
• Chronic Insomnia is poor sleep every night or most nights. More than half of all cases of persistent insomnia are the cause of disorders of breathing or muscle activity.

Shift Workers/Erratic Hours:

Shift workers (those who work nontraditional hours, such a nights or rotating shifts) along with those who maintain later hours on weekends than during the week, are likely to experience sleep problems. Maintaining regular hours can help program the body to sleep at certain times and to stay awake at others. You should try to keep a regular (day) sleep schedule seven days a week, even on your days off work. Going back to a typical day schedule during time off will only make it harder for you to sleep during the day when you return to your night shift work.

(RLS) Restless Legs Syndrome:

RLS is a movement disorder. It involves an intense urge to move your legs at bedtime. Your legs may feel burning or itching inside your legs. It is different from the pain of muscle cramp. The sensations of RLS appear most often in the calves of the legs. Usually, symptoms are worse at night than in the morning, and may stop for a short time if you walk around.
• I can’t fall asleep because I feel like I have to move my legs.
• I wake up at night because I feel like my legs are on fire.
• When I try to go to sleep, I feel an itching in my legs. It goes away if I walk around, but if I lie down, it comes back.

Who is at risk for RLS?
• Women are twice as likely than men to have RLS
• Over the age of 45
• Family members with RLS
• Often the causes of RLS are unknown

Some people have medical conditions that seem to increase the chance of developing RLS:
• Low Blood Iron Levels
• Poor Blood Circulation in the Legs
• Nerve Problems in the Spine of Legs
• Muscle Disorders
• Kidney Disorders
• Alcoholism
• Certain Vitamin or Mineral Deficiencies
• Certain Prescription Medications